CUBA

IDEOLOGY VERSES MODERNITY

Before the 1950s revolution, Cuba was a very prosperous island, the quality of life there, was among the nations at the top of the scale.

Today, the situation is very different. There is very little private enterprise, small potential businesses and entrepreneurs, are faced with endless restrictions and bureaucratic hurdles.

The US embargo from the 1960s, blocked Cuba’s access to international markets and foreign investments from many countries. During President Obama’s administration, there were attempts to remove the ban and begin new relations with the Cuban government. That was all cancelled with a return to the old program, during the presidency of Donald Trump.

Havana
Havana
Havana

CHANGES NEEDED NOW!

Beyond Socialism and Capitalism.

Everything in Cuba belongs to the government, they control all aspects of the economy, including price of commodities, and wages. Housing and basic food rations are provided by the government. There are no taxes, rent, or mortgages.

Cuba has developed its Health and Education capacity, but the population have suffered in many other areas, especially in relation to their overall welfare. The island has the one of the highest rates of inflation in the world. The US dollar rises daily. The whole country is in a state of acute deprivation. Who or what is to blame?

Havana
Havana

Cuba’s rich architectural heritage is a treasure of colonial building styles, dating back from the 16th century to the present modern styles of high-rise glass and steel. The island contains many UNESCO world heritage sites. Even so, many historical buildings are being destroyed.

Havana, the capital city, is known for its lively music scene, vintage cars, and vibrant street life. Houses all over the city are in destruction mode, due to the lack of maintenance. Walking through some streets is a risk to your life, from falling debris and collapsing building blocks. Especially during the rainy season. The condition in which some people live are deplorable.

Havana
Old Havana

Overview

11 million people from a mixture of backgrounds, including Tainos, Africans, Europeans, are living together from the Spanish colonisation in the 15th century.

During the 1898 Spanish – American war, Cuba was occupied by the United States of America. The Island achieved its independence in 1902.

After a coup d’etat in 1952, under the dictator Fulgencio Batista, political unrest was rampant in Cuba. The Batista government was removed in 1959, in the Cuban revolution led by Fidel Castro. Cuba’s close relationship with the Soviet Union, triggered tense relationship with the USA from the 1960s to the present times.

Old Havana

Also in the 1960s, Castro’s government nationalised American companies and businesses in Cuba, without granting any form of compensation to the owners. The value of which was estimated to be in billions of dollars.

The break-up of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, generated severe economic downturn in Cuba. In 2008, after 49 years, Fidel Castro retired due to ill-health. His brother, Raul Castro, was elected as leader. He retired in 2018.

In 2021, Miguel Diaz-Canel was elected secretary of the communist party, a one-party state on the Cuban island. The USA embargo and ban on trade continue. Now in 2024, the hopeless situation, is forcing a mass exodus from the island, to countries in Latin America and other regions. Juan Diego Perez.